José Halloy is Professor at the Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire des Energies de Demain, LIED UMR 8236 (Interdisciplinary Energy Research Lab) at Université Paris Diderot. He teaches complex systems modeling and physics. His research pertains to two domains, namely sustainability and bio-hybrid systems.
The sustainability research deals with the coupling between materials and energy production. On the one hand, the energy transition is often seen as a problem of production of renewable energy without considering the material bases of this production. On the other hand, the analysis of socio-technical systems such as agriculture is often decoupled from all their energy and materials consumptions. It is therefore necessary to develop integrative approaches to analyse the materials and energy foundations of past societies, present and possible future ones. Such integrative approach must include social sciences inputs.
The bio-hybrid systems research deals with the dynamical processes, collective behaviours and emergent intelligence that biological and artificial systems can produce. Indeed, our societies make use of many living-based production systems such as agriculture, various fermentation and production of supplies thanks to numerous organisms such as microbes, fungi, plants and animals. Therefore there is a need to develop experimental approaches and mathematical modeling frameworks to design interfaces between living and artificial intelligent systems such as robots, intelligent environments or networks of sensors and actuators. The purpose of those interfaces would be to modulate or control the bio-hybrid systems to reach expected results. Together with J.L. Deneubourg et al., he published in Science the first experimental demonstration of collective intelligence in a mixed society of robots and animals.
José’s keynote will be on the topic of animal-robot hybrid collective behaviour.
Alan Winfield is Professor of Electronic Engineering and Director of the Science Communication Unit at the University of the West of England (UWE), Bristol, UK, and Visiting Professor at the University of York. He received his PhD in Digital Communications from the University of Hull in 1984, then co-founded and led APD Communications Ltd until taking-up appointment at UWE, Bristol in 1991. Winfield co-founded the Bristol Robotics Laboratory and his research is focussed on understanding the nature and limits of robot intelligence. He is a member of the editorial boards of Swarm Intelligence and the Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, and an associate editor of Evolutionary Robotics.
Winfield is passionate about communicating research and ideas in science, engineering and technology; he led UK wide EPSRC public engagement project Walking with Robots, awarded the 2010 Royal Academy of Engineering Rooke medal for public promotion of engineering. He is an advocate for robot ethics; he was co-organiser and member of the 2010 EPSRC/AHRC working group that drafted the Principles of Robotics, and is a member of the British Standards Institute working group on robot ethics. Winfield has published over 200 works, including ‘Robotics: A Very Short Introduction’ (Oxford University Press, 2012), and lectures widely on robotics (including robot ethics) presenting to both academic and public audiences